Glossary

Arterial Streets - major north-south or east-west streets usually on section lines at mile intervals (defined by Indian Nations Council of Governments Major Street and Highway Plan – link).

Advertising - typically a 28-day time frame during which construction plans for a project are available to the City's pre-qualified contractors, who may prepare bids for the work.

Bid Opening - a public event in the City Clerk’s office at City Hall, during which all bids submitted for a project are opened. The City Clerk certifies the apparent low bidder.

The bid is approved through a two-step process. The first step is to award the project to the lowest responsive bidder, usually within 14 to 21 days after the bids are opened. The second step is execution of the construction contracts, usually 14 to 21 days after the award is approved.

Collector Street - a wider street in a residential neighborhood, usually at the half-mile mark, that carries traffic to and from an arterial street.

Construction - a time period that varies according to project scope, during which a contractor builds a project. The project must be constructed following City specifications and must meet quality standards both during and at completion of construction. A one-year warranty applies, during which the contractor is responsible for defects due to material and workmanship.

Crack Sealing - a method of routine street maintenance used to prolong pavement life; consists of removing dirt and debris from cracks and filling them with silicone or rubber sealant.

Design or "Under Design" - a period of between five and 12 months (depends on project scope) during which construction plans are created for a project.

Milling - removing the old, top layer of pavement using a grinding machine.

Non-arterial Streets - streets usually in residential areas within square miles marked by arterial streets.

Overlay - applying a new layer of asphalt to form the top surface of a street.

Patching - removing damaged pavement from a defined area and replacing it from the roadbed to the surface.

Pavement Types:

  • AC - asphaltic concrete, or "asphalt"
  • APC - asphalt over Portland concrete
  • PCC - Portland cement concrete, or "concrete"

Preventive Maintenance - patching and crack sealing or an overlay of streets in good to very good condition including repair of hazardous curb and sidewalk areas.

Reconstruction - rebuilding a street in failed to poor condition from the roadbed to the top surface; may include repair of hazardous curb and sidewalk areas where needed.

Rehabilitation - major repair of streets; may include patching and crack sealing or milling with a thick overlay of streets in fair to good condition including repair of hazardous curb and sidewalk areas.

Routine Maintenance - patching and crack sealing of streets in very good to excellent condition including repair of hazardous curb and sidewalk areas.